assume

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
v. t. suppose, take for granted; put on, affect; appropriate. See supposition, affectation, acquisition.
II
(Roget's IV) v.
1. [To take for granted]
Syn. suppose, presume, postulate, posit, presuppose, predicate, premise, take for granted, understand, gather, find, collect, theorize, ascertain, consider as true, draw the inference, judge, divine, get the idea, have an idea that, suspect, regard, consider, imply, hypothesize, guess, take without proof, treat as conceded, take it as given, conjecture, suppose as fact, deem, imagine, surmise, opine, estimate, speculate, fancy, take the liberty, be of the opinion, dare say, deduce, count upon, infer, conclude, put two and two together, be inclined to think, hold the opinion, think, calculate, hope, feel, believe, have faith, be afraid*, take it*, expect*, allow*, reckon*.
Ant. doubt*, be surprised that, know.
2. [To pretend]
Syn. feign, put on, affect; see pretend 1 .
3. [To take]
Syn. seize, appropriate, arrogate; see seize 2 .
Syn.- assume implies the supposition of something as the basis for argument or action [ let us assume her motives were good ] ; presume implies the taking of something for granted or accepting it as true, usually on the basis of probable evidence in its favor and the absence of proof to the contrary [ the prisoner is presumed to be of sound mind ] ; presuppose may imply taking something for granted without necessarily having good reason [ this writer presupposes an extensive vocabulary in children ] or, in another sense, may imply that something is required as a preceding condition [ brilliant technique in piano playing presupposes years of practice ] ; postulate implies the assumption of something as an underlying factor, often one that is incapable of proof [ his argument postulates the inherent goodness of humanity ] ; premise implies the setting forth of a proposition on which a conclusion can be based See also Synonym Study at pretend .
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) v.
1. take on take up, adopt, acquire, undertake, tackle, take upon one's shoulders, commit to.
2. seize take, appropriate, usurp, commandeer.
3. feign pretend, simulate, affect, put on, sham, *fake.
4. presume suppose, take for granted, believe, hypothesize, imagine, think, guess, speculate, infer, suspect.
ANT.: 1. throw off, abandon, renounce 2. return, defer. 3. know, be certain
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) verb 1. To take upon oneself: incur, shoulder, tackle, take on, take over, undertake. See ACCEPT. 2. To put (an article of clothing) on one's person: don, get on, pull on, put on, slip into, slip on. See PUT ON. 3. To take on or give a false appearance of: affect2, counterfeit, fake, feign, pretend, put on, sham, simulate. Idiom: make believe. See TRUE. 4. To take for granted without proof: posit, postulate, premise, presume, presuppose, suppose. Informal: reckon. See BELIEF. 5. To lay claim to for oneself or as one's right: appropriate, arrogate, commandeer, preempt, seize, take, usurp. See GIVE.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • assume — as·sume vt as·sumed, as·sum·ing 1: to voluntarily take upon oneself assume a risk 2: to take over (the debts or obligations of another) as one s own assume a mortgage Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster …   Law dictionary

  • assume — UK US /əˈsjuːm/ verb [T] ► to begin to take control of something: assume control/office/a role »Europe has assumed a leadership role in the prevention of future global crises. assume responsibility for sth »The FSA said mortgages would not be… …   Financial and business terms

  • assume — assume, presume 1. Both words can mean ‘suppose’ and are often interchangeable in this meaning. Fowler (1926) maintained that there is a stronger element of postulation or hypothesis in assume and of a belief held on the basis of external… …   Modern English usage

  • assume — [ə so͞om′, əsyo͞om′] vt. assumed, assuming [ME assumen < L assumere, to take up, claim < ad , to + sumere, to take: see CONSUME] 1. to take on or put on (the appearance, form, role, etc. of) 2. to seize; usurp [to assume control] 3. to take …   English World dictionary

  • assume — 1 Assume, affect, pretend, simulate, feign, counterfeit, sham mean to put on a false or deceptive appearance. Assume often implies a pardonable motive rather than an intent to deceive {it sometimes happens that by assuming an air of cheerfulness… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • assume — [v1] believe, take for granted accept, ascertain, be afraid, be inclined to think, conclude, conjecture, consider, count upon, deduce, deem, divine, estimate, expect, fall for, fancy, find, gather, get the idea*, guess, have a hunch*, have… …   New thesaurus

  • Assume — As*sume , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Assumed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Assuming}.] [L. assumere; ad + sumere to take; sub + emere to take, buy: cf. F. assumer. See {Redeem}.] 1. To take to or upon one s self; to take formally and demonstratively; sometimes,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • assume — (v.) early 15c., assumpten to receive up into heaven (especially of the Virgin Mary), also assumen to arrogate, from L. assumere to take up, take to oneself, from ad to, up (see AD (Cf. ad )) + sumere to take, from sub under + emere …   Etymology dictionary

  • Assume — As*sume , v. i. 1. To be arrogant or pretentious; to claim more than is due. Bp. Burnet. [1913 Webster] 2. (Law) To undertake, as by a promise. Burrill. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • assume — an agreement to continue performing duties under a contract or lease (Glossary of Common Bankruptcy Terms) An agreement between the debtor and the other party to an executory contract to continue performing duties under that contract. A lease is… …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • assumé — assumé, ée (a su mé, mée) part. passé. La responsabilité assumée par cet employé …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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